Researchers have found that about six percent of women, or just over one in twenty, suffer from headaches for at least half a day a month, compared with 2.9 percent of men.
Their global research on headaches, also concluded that women are twice as likely to suffer from migraines than men.
According to data collected, 17 percent of women suffer from migraines that can last up to three days and lead to vomiting and sensitivity to light and noise. But migraines affect only 8.6 percent of men.
Experts claim that changes in hormones may be one of the reasons why women are more affected because any fluctuations in estrogen can cause headaches.
The extensive review conducted by the Norwegian University of Science and Technology has included 357 studies on headaches from the 1960s to the present. Researchers estimate that approximately one in six people in the world have headaches every day.
Research published in The Journal of Headache and Pain found that people in high-income countries report an increase in headache rates, though this may be because more studies have been conducted in affluent countries.
“Women suffer far more than men from the headaches that make life more difficult – migraines and headaches that last 15 or more days a month,” said lead researcher Professor Lars Jacob Stovner.
The authors, who say that the methodology of various studies may produce some unreliable figures, may not be sure if the problem is growing.
However, Professor Stovner explained: “We have found that the prevalence (prevalence) of headache disorders remains high worldwide and that the burden of different types can affect many people. “We must try to reduce this burden through better prevention and treatment.”